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Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory created a simulation that demonstrates the DHS RDD Response Guidance missions and tactics. Videos demonstrating these lifesaving tactics can be found on the Department of Homeland Security, Science and Technology YouTube channel.
This PrepTalk provides information on protective actions for a nuclear detonation and the many resources and tools for emergency managers that support planning, public education, and crisis communications. Emergency managers should use the video and these discussion materials to develop strategies for response plans, immediate public alerts and warnings, and emergency responder safety.
FEMA’s animated video demonstrates how protecting yourself from high levels of radiation after a nuclear explosion COULD save your life. Learn the steps to reduce your risks from radiation. Accessible in American Sign Language and open captioning.
To protect yourself in a radiation emergency, you should Go Inside, Stay Inside, and Stay Tuned. This animated infographic shows you where to shelter in a radiation emergency, and how to take these important protective steps.
This presentation was delivered in January of 2010 at the Radiation Preparedness and Clinical Applications Seminar sponsored by Los Angeles County Radiation Management.
Nuclear weapons are some of the most powerful tools of destruction on Earth, and the full scope of a nuclear detonation is almost unimaginable. However, there is a scientifically supported plan of action that could save thousands of lives. What is this plan, and what exactly would it protect us from? Brooke Buddemeier and Jessica S. Wieder explore the possibility of surviving nuclear detonation.
Development coordinated by FEMA’s CBRN Office. This interagency consensus document provides excellent background information on the effects of a nuclear detonation and key response recommendations. Its definition of zones (damage and fallout) are the standard for response planning and should be integrated into any planning process.
This document delineates Missions and Tactics that should be executed by first responders, emergency managers, and other state, local, tribal, and territorial (SLTT) response organizations during the first minutes, hours, and days following a nuclear detonation. It includes guidance on how to protect the lives of first responders and the public, develop a common operating picture, establish a coordinated multi-jurisdictional response, and prepare for the integration of support arriving from other jurisdictions, states, and federal agencies across the country.
This document and accompanying videos provides actionable guidance, sample text for an RDD response protocol, and annexed tools that can be used for local planning of an effective response to an RDD to protect first responders and the general public, and establish interagency coordination and integration of state and federal assets.
Released Feb 2011 and is a National Standard that supplies the science and builds on many of the concepts of the Planning Guidance. Although NCRP typically charges for it's reports, this report has been made available for free by the organization.
The Nuclear/Radiological Incident Annex (NRIA) to the National Response Framework (NRF) describes the policies, situations, concepts of operations, and responsibilities of the Federal departments and agencies governing the immediate response and short-term recovery activities for incidents involving release of radioactive materials to address the consequences of the event.
The PAG Manual contains radiation dose guidelines that would trigger public safety measures, such as evacuation or staying indoors, to minimize or prevent radiation exposure during an emergency. EPA developed Protective Action Guides to help responders plan for radiation emergencies.
Response in the aftermath of a nuclear detonation will be extremely challenging. The Health and Safety Planning Guide for Planners, Safety Officers, and Supervisors for Protecting Responders Following a Nuclear Detonation (visit website) provides planners and responders a better understanding for addressing the unique risks encountered in the post-IND environment.
The accompanying quick reference guide, “IND Quick Reference Guide for Planners, Safety Officers, and Supervisors for Protecting Responders” (visit website) provides response planners, safety officers, and supervisors with specific information and recommendations to protect responders from the effects and impacts of an extreme event: a 10 kiloton (KT) improvised nuclear device (IND) within the first 72 hours of a detonation.
NCRP Report No. 179, Guidance for Emergency Response Dosimetry, by the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, 2017, 180 pages hardcopy/electronic), $75.00/$60.00. This Report bridges the dosimetry gaps between trained and equipped radiation workers and all other categories of responders who are considered emergency workers during a response to a radiological or nuclear incident. It provides guidance on the control of radiation dose. This Report discusses a scalable approach for optimizing and repurposing existing equipment and provides tools that help emergency managers and planners identify the best available equipment for a specific mission.
Nuclear Detonation Fallout: Key Considerations for Internal Exposure and Population Monitoring (Buddemeier, LLNL-TR-754319) reviews fallout properties and summarizes information related to external and internal fallout exposure hazards. It also reviews current information on population monitoring and decontamination recommendations.
This document assists preparedness efforts and decision making by providing readily accessible information that quickly describes critical scientific and medical aspects of a nuclear incident as well as the response organization and resources anticipated to be required or available during a response. It is intended to offer a checklist of decision-provoking questions and reference guide for essential information to assist with the development of appropriate actions in response to a nuclear detonation. The subject matter includes basic principles about radiation, measurement, health effects, protective actions, critical public messaging, response strategies, medical management and countermeasures, and preparedness for a nuclear detonation.
The REMM website provides:
CBRN Responder reference library contains a variety of communication tools, references, templates, and videos from a variety of agencies. CBRNResponder is sponsored by FEMA and other federal agencies to be your one-stop shop for RadResponder, ChemResponder, BioResponder, and IMAAC products. CBRNResponder is the headquarters for incident data sharing, multi-hazard event management, and integrates with federal assets.
This website contains key communication references from a variety of communication tools, references, and templates from a variety of agencies. During a radiological or nuclear emergency, clear and consistent messaging is important. The federal government has created several pre-scripted, focus-group tested messages to help emergency response departments, agencies, and individuals communicate radiation information and public safety measures with affected populations.
The CDC's website contains 16 infographics ranging across types of radiation emergencies to safety messages to medical countermeasures. The infographics are translated into many different languages.
This document provides pre-approved questions and answers to anticipated questions from the public and the media for after the explosion of an improvised nuclear device.
This web page has instructions on how to stay safe during and after a nuclear explosion. It links to FEMA’s Be Prepared for a Nuclear Explosion information sheet, which is available in PDF form. It also includes a preparedness video with hardcoded subtitles and American Sign Language (ASL) translation.
This document details radiological incident communications strategies and actions and provides a resource list for other communications tools available from the federal government. It includes pre-approved social media messages that are compatible with Twitter and the Integrated Public Alert and Warning System.
Guidance on communications techniques based on proven risk and crisis communication strategies as well as radiological scenarios and messages for use in radiological emergencies.
This document includes pre-scripted radiation emergency public safety messages intended to help emergency planners prepare public communications prior to and during a radiological emergency (visit website).
Templates (10 pp, 16 MB, September 2017, EPA-420/K-17/003) for state, local, and tribal governments that need to provide evacuation, go inside, food, and/or drinking water guidance quickly to a population in a specific geographical area.
FEMA has developed and sponsored a standardized suite of response capabilities for federal, state, local, tribal and territorial emergency responders and planners to rapidly and effectively minimize loss of life, protect the environment and maintain the economy.
Developed by LLNL in support of the Department of Homeland Security Office of Health Affairs. It was released in August 2009 and identified key response issues associated with a nuclear detonation.
A document developed by LLNL under contract to DHS S&T as part of the Wide Area Resiliency and Recovery Program (WARRP). It is designed to identify key planning factors that could substantially aid the recovery process by decreasing the recovery timeline and costs, improving public health and safety, and addressing major resource limitations and critical decisions.
An article written by LLNL, highlights recent research over the last few years that has helped greatly improve our understanding of appropriate actions for the public and responder community to take after a nuclear detonation.